Turkey’s three most-visited cities

Turkey is especially cultural and architectural beautiful. With Turkish evisa available for citizens of over a hundred countries all over the world, traveling to Turkey has never been easier. If you are planning for a trip to Turkey, check the most visited cities below for suggestions.

Istanbul

Third most visited city in Europe and seventh in the world is Istanbul, the center of economy, culture and history in Turkey. A trip to Turkey cannot be complete without a visit to this beautiful city. Also known as the Constantinople and Byzantine with Ottoman and Byzantine marks all over the city’s structures, Istanbul has various sites that expose Turkish stories to visitors.

Aya Sofya

Aya Sofya (also known as Hagia Sophia) has a history as complex as the Istanbul city. Together with its massive dome, which is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture marking the change in history of architecture, Aya Sofya has been considered as the symbol of the city. Initially built as the Hagia Sophia Church (Church of Holy Wisdom) later an Ottoman imperial mosque and currently a museum, Aya Sofya offers not only historical but also cultural and religious beauty. While its luxurious and cavernous frescoed interior reminds visitors of famous ancient Constantinople, its exterior is surrounded by the delicate minarets as a consequence of the Ottoman conquest.

Picture 1 - Aya Sofya, Istanbul

Picture 1 - Aya Sofya, Istanbul

Back to modern day, Aya Sofya is in the middle of controversy. There is an increasing number of Turkish people calling for Aya Sofya, Istanbul’s most astonishing building and a museum for the past 80 years, to be converted back to a mosque.

Topkapı Palace

Topkapı Palace holds in itself more multicolor stories than any other museum in the world. In 1459, its construction began after the order of Mehmed, the Conqueror, six years after the conquest of Constantinople. Back then, to distinguish it from the Old Palace in Beyazıt Square, Topkapı was originally called Yeni Saray (New Palace), then in the 19th century changed into Topkapı, which means Cannon Gate, . The complex was expanded over the centuries, with major renovations after the earthquake in 1509 and the fire in 1665 . The palace complex consists of four main courtyards and many smaller buildings. The harem was for female members of the Sultan's family to live in, whilst the Imperial Council building was to held meetings of leading state officials. It was from Topkapı Palace the great Ottoman empire made it history with the dream of conquer all over Europe and down through the Middle East and into Africa.

Picture 2 - Entrance of Topkapı Palace

Picture 2 - Entrance of Topkapı Palace

Between the 15th and 19th centuries during the court of the great ancient Ottoman empire, Topkapı Palace served as the main residence and administrative headquarters of the Ottoman sultans. Its residents back then included libidinous sultans, ambitious courtiers, beautiful concubines and scheming eunuchs. With opulent pavilions, jewel-filled Treasury and sprawling Harem, Topkapı Palace offers an interesting glimpse into those ancient residents.

Izmir

Decorated by the azure-blue color of its surrounding water, Izmir has always been an important Aegean port since its ancient times as a Greek city. Izmir's amazing heritage nowadays is the proof of its former various residents over centuries. Today, not so multicultural any more, yet Izmir is still home to Jewish and Levantine people along with their distinctive and delicious cuisine. Home to various attractions, there are must-visit places in Izmir for travelers in Turkey.

Izmir Agora

Located right in Izmir's center with busy market streets, hillside residential areas and tall modern buildings surrounding, Izmir Agora is the ancient monument that should be at the first in any traveler's to-do list in Izmir. The construction was built from stone in the end of the 4th century with eye-catching Corinthian colonnade and Faustina Gate on the ground.

Picture 3 - Corinthian colonnade and Faustina Gate in Izmir Agora

Picture 3 - Corinthian colonnade and Faustina Gate in Izmir Agora

In the basement are the vaulted chambers and cisterns, which help sketching the multiple marketplace in its old heyday when it still was an important stop on the Silk Road. Archaeological activities are still carried on in the site to for history discovery.

Ephesus

Only three kilometers southwest away from Izmir, Ephesus is an unmissable attraction if you ever foot on Izmir. Ephesus, once the trade center of the ancient world, an early Christian religious center and home to the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, is presently one of Turkey’s most important tourist attractions. The city is pretty well preserved with a large archaeological site, including the massive Theater, the Temple Hadrian and the restored Celsus Library, which was built to preserve 12000 scrolls. The library itself is a proof of the value of knowledge to ancient society and a reminder about it for modern society.

Picture 4 - Ephesus, Izmir

Picture 4 - Ephesus, Izmir

Dating back to ancient society, people across the world also sailed to Ephesus for numerous purposes like purchasing exotic spices and fruits and finding talented Turkish cloth-makers.

Ankara

Located in the center of in Turkey, Ankara is Turkey’s capital and home to universities, commercial businesses, government buildings, and foreign embassies. Besides, when in Ankara, make sure you visit its museums, which offer lively arts and culture scenes exposing Western values. Also, get to know the legend Atatürk, the first president of Turkey and also the one declared Ankara as the country’s capital.

Museum of Anatolian Civilizations

The museum of Anatolian Civilizations is a great destination to explore the human history in Anatolia area, which is the major area of present-day Turkey. With cherry-picked artefacts from Anatolian archaeological site, the picture of Turkish ancient residents’ life is sketched through every single item.

At the central hall are reliefs and statuary while items surrounding the hall offer tickets for a fascinating historical journey of from Paleolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic, Bronze Age, Assyrian, Hittite, Phrygian, Urartian and Lydian periods. Downstairs is where Roman artefacts excavated around Ankara area are on display.

The hall devoted to artefacts of Hittite (ancient residents in north-central Anatolia) is the spotlight of the museum with interesting items such as Hattusa's haul of cuneiform tablets and striking figures of bulls and stags.

Picture 5 - Hittite's artefacts, Museum of Anatolian Civilizations

Picture 5 - Hittite's artefacts, Museum of Anatolian Civilizations

In the last hall of the exhibition are artifacts of the Urartian, who have been believed to be the first Anatolian metalworkers, with evident items like knives, horse-bit, votive plates and shields shown in the museum. Neo-Hittite artefacts and terracotta figures of gods in human form are also presented in this hall.

Anıtkabir

The monumental mausoleum Anıtkabir, which literally means "memorial tomb" in Turkish language, was built as the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the leader of the Turkish War of Independence, the founder and also first President of the Republic of Turkey. When moving into Atatürk’s mausoleum, at the left and right are the gilded inscriptions, which was originally Atatürk's speech when celebrating Turkish republic’s 10th anniversary in 1932. The mausoleum is also the final resting place of the second President of Turkey, İsmet İnönü, after he died in 1973.

Picture 6 - The mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Anıtkabir

Picture 6 - The mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Anıtkabir

High above Ankara city with its material of marble and air of veneration, Anıtkabir has more to offer visitors beside the mausoleum. The way to the main entrance of the complex is the 262-meter-long Lion Road with 24 lion statues representing power in Hittite’s culture, which symbolize the strength of Turkish nation. Downstairs is the exhibition about the War of Independence and the formation of the republic in Turkey, provided with battlefield murals with sound effects for detailed explanations of post-1923 reforms in Turkey.

Advantages of our Turkish eVisa service

With Turkish eVisa, traveling to Turkey for cultural and historic trips has been much easier. Our Turkish eVisa service is offered with many benefits like:

- Simplified online application process

- Document requirement checked

- Information double checked and correction when necessary

- Privacy protection and safe forms

- 24/7/365 professional support via email and Hotline

- eVisa recovered via email in lost cases

- Especially recommended for emergency cases

- Flexible refund service policy for denied cases

Read also: How Does Turkish eVisa Work?

Read also: What Is The Turkish eVisa?

Read also: Apply For A Turkish eVisa

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