Ankara is currently the capital city and administrative center of Turkey. It is the second largest city of the country. Ankara represents independence and modernity to the Turkish. The city is a combination between modern and historical elements and boasts important historical sites of Turkey. Therefore, traveling to Ankara, you will have a chance to learn about Turkish history and cultures. If you are a history enthusiast, you may want to visit this fabulous city before immersing yourself in beautiful views of Cappadocia.
Ankara Castle (Kalesi)
One of the must-go site in Ankara. Visiting the Ankara Castle, you will have a chance to see everything about the history of Turkey and the city Ankara.
Ankara Castle was based on Ancient Era; the castle was originally built as a military defense by Hittites. Since the past, Ankara Castle has witnessed several civilizations, such as: Hittites, Persian, Byzantine, Arab and Ottoman.
Each civilization left a couple of traces upon the construction in order to reflect their own tradition, culture and architectural style.
Unlike most of the castles you know, Ankara Castle is a strong, enormous military base. Renovated again and again by the Romans, Seljuk and Ottoman, Ankara Citadel consists of a citadel and bailey surrogated 20 separate towers. The castle is also comprised of 4 huge walls, with 42 pentagonal towers running along the top. The south and west walls of inside castle are shape of right angle.
Inside the building, Akkale is found on the highest place of it. There is also a magnificent inscription belonging to Seljuk Era. The walls’ subparts are made of special marble and basaltic.
Despite the fact that it is quite challenging to walk to the top of the citadel, the breath-taking view, with bustling bazaars and small stalls, which awaits at the top is worth all the efforts.
Known as Anitkabir in Turkish, Ataturk’s Mausoleum is the final resting place of the first and second president of the Republic of Turkey. With the beautiful design, the Mausoleum does not only attract historians and architects, it is also the top site to visit for tourists to Ankara.
Anitkabir was built for Kemal Ataturk, commonly referred to as Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, who is the leader of Turkish War of Independence, the founder and first president of the country.
The site is also the resting place of Ismet Inonu, the second president of Turkey, who died in 1973.
Initially, it was constructed by architects Professor Emin Onat and Assistant Professor Ahmet Orhan Arda from 1944 to 1953.
Ataturk’s Mausoleum has four parts: The Road of Lions; the Ceremonial Plaza; the Hall of Honor and the Peace Park that surrounds the monument.
The Road of Lions is a 282m long pathway with Turkish soldiers on parade. On both sides are twelve pairs of lions carved in a Hittite style.
The Ceremonial Plaza is situated at the end of the Lions road. The area was designed to accommodate 15000 people. The floor of the plaza is decorated with 373 rug and Turkish carpet pattern (called kilim)
The Hall of Honor is the icon of the mausoleum where the tomb of the first president can be seen. Ataturk’s tomb lies under the 40-ton sarcophagus in the ground floor. The place is built in Seljuk and Ottoman architectural style.
Peace Park is the park that surrounds the monument in honor of Ataturk’s famous saying: “Peace at home, peace in the world”. There is an enormous number of decorative trees, flowers and shrubs, donated from about 25 countries.
The Ataturk’s mausoleum also boasts a lot of towers, statues and a museum. The most famous ones contain Independence Tower and Anitkabir Ataturk Museum.
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